The First Circuit has rejected a political opinion- and particular social group-based asylum claim from an applicant resisting gang recruitment efforts.  The Immigration Judge and the Board of Immigration Appeals both determined that the applicant was being targeted by gang members (and would face any future targeting) because the gang members wanted to increase their ranks, and not because of the applicant's anti-gang political views or because of his familial relationship to people in the United States. 

The full text of Alvizures-Gomes v. Lynch can be found here: