The Second Circuit has determined that a New York child endangerment conviction is a deportable child abuse offense. In so doing, the court reaffirmed its decision to defer to the Board of Immigration Appeals’ definition of a crime of child abuse, which does not require actual harm to a child. The New York statute at issue criminalizes knowingly acting in a manner likely to be injurious to the physical, mental, or moral welfare of a child less than seventeen years old. he New York Court of Appeals has interpreted the as requiring both that the defendant acted with an awareness of the potential for harm and that the harm was likely to occur, and not merely possible.

The full text of Matthew v. Barr can be found here: